Skip to main content

Early Literacy

How Does Learning Happen?

What relationships and environments support it? What actions support children’s learning? What does theory and research tell us? These are questions with constantly evolving and shifting answers. While there are general principles and knowledge we can refer to, we must always think, feel, and act in ways that reflect the environment, the circumstances, and most importantly the children, families, and colleagues we have before us in every unique situation. As we question, research, reflect, respond, and co-construct our understanding of the world around us with children and families, we gain new perspectives and new and more complex questions arise. This site is not so much about providing all the answers, but rather is intended to provoke questions – for it is in exploring our questions that learning happens.

Early Learning Calendars

Now Offered in English and French

October Calendar


October French

Octobre (FR)

An understanding of Children, Families, and Educators

Children are competent, capable of complex thinking, curious, and rich in potential. They grow up in families with diverse social, cultural, and linguistic perspectives. Every child should feel that he or she belongs, is a valuable contributor to his or her surroundings, and deserves the opportunity to succeed. When we recognize children as capable and curious, we are more likely to deliver programs and services that value and build on their strengths and abilities.

Families are composed of individuals who are competent and capable, curious, and rich in experience. Families love their children and want the best for them. Families are experts on their children. They are the first and most powerful influence on children’s learning, development, health, and well-being. Families bring diverse social, cultural, and linguistic perspectives. Families should feel that they belong, are valuable contributors to their children’s learning, and deserve to be engaged in a meaningful way.

Educators are competent and capable, curious, and rich in experience. They are knowledgeable, caring, reflective, and resourceful professionals. They bring diverse social, cultural, and linguistic perspectives. They collaborate with others to create engaging environments and experiences to foster children’s learning and development. Educators are lifelong learners. They take responsibility for their own learning and make decisions about ways to integrate knowledge from theory, research, their own experience, and their understanding of the individual children and families they work with. Every educator should feel he or she belongs, is a valuable contributor, and deserves the opportunity to engage in meaningful work.

The Four Foundations of How Learning Happens

These four foundations ensure optimal learning and development. The foundations inform the goals for children and expectations for programs. Click each foundation to view how it relates differently to Children, Parents/Caregivers, and Educators.

Provocation Gallery

Infant Early Literacy Booklet Thumbnail
Infant Early Literacy Booklet
Toddler Early Literacy Booklet
Toddler Early Literacy Booklet
Preschool Early Literacy Booklet Thumbnail
Preschool Early Literacy Booklet
School-Aged Early Literacy Booklet Thumbnail
School-Aged Early Literacy Booklet
L’alphabétisation précoce
L’alphabétisation précoce

Source: The Ministry of Education. (2014). How Does Learning Happen? Ontario’s Pedagogy for the Early Years. Retrieved from Ontario Ministry of Education